Saturday, June 25, 2005

El punk en España y en América

Ya en la década de los ochenta, el punk logró expandirse y llegar hasta España, con mucha más fuerza, y a América. Dentro de este género musical, mucho más dependiente del rock, surgieron grupos como "Eskorbuto", "Ilegales", "La Polla Records", "El último que cierre", "Síndrome de Abstinencia", "Teens Dogs", "Subversión X", "Tos de caballo", etc. En América del Sur, también surgieron grupos punk, principalmente en Argentina en donde se destacan: "Flema", "Flemita", "Topos", "Super Uva", "Ataque 77", y decenas de bandas más que hasta ahora hacen punk.



En Argentina, "Flema" fue una banda que se desarrolló y grabó más de 7 cd´s hasta el 2002, año en el que desintegró por la muerte del vocalista Ricardo Espinoza. La banda se formó con Pepe Carballo en la batería, Luis Garibaldo en la guitarra, Fernando Rossi en el bajo y Ricky Espinoza como vocalista.



Flema empezó con Juan Fardiño y Fernando Cordera en Avellaneda (Buenos Aires). Ellos tenían un grupo pequeño de música y les faltaba un bajista, por eso fue que Juan, que a había escuchado hablar de Ricky, decidió invitarlo a que sea parte de su grupo. Todos ellos se fueron haciendo amigos en el colegio "Arcamendia", Ricky, en ese entinces, entaba en cuarto curso y sus demás amigos en quinto. Todo empezó en 1985, compusieron en pocos meses y empezaron a tocar en Avellaneda en plazas, festivales, etc. En esta ciudad tuvieron suerte y mucha acogida, porque era el barrio de Ricky y porque él era muy conocido por los espectáculos que ofrecía diariamente y que no eran precisamente musicales...

Mientras Flema tomaba fuerza, Ricky, paralelamente, había conformado una banda de "black metal" llamada Overkill y esto es importante mencionarlo: en ese entonces, en América Latina y en muchas otras partes del mundo, el black metal todavía no existía (aunque Venom, Sodom y/o Slayer ya existían y venían tocando algún tiempo, en América Latina no habían ni noticias de ellos). Ricardo Espinoza junto con Juan Falopa, otro loco que se creía brujo satánico y que podía desaparecer, formaron este grupo y este género musical tan controversial. Ellos decidieron empezar con una onda heavy como Maiden, pero oscuro como Black Sabbath y rápido y estridente como Motorhead y como toda esa mezcla no tenía nombre, a ellos se les ocurrió ponerle: black metal. Aunque muchos no lo crean y hasta la actualidad, nadie reconoce, fuerno ellos quienes inventaron este género, al mismo tiempo que Cronos en Londres (pero en Avellaneda). Cuando Ricky subíaal escenario, lo hacía todo despeinado, desarreglado y pintado la cara... Marilyn Manson fue una copia exacta. Lamentablemenete, esta banda no tuvo futuro y después de algunas tocadas se desintegró.

Mientras todo esto sucedía Flema seguía tocando y haciédose popular, hasta el 31 de mayo de 2002, fecha en la que Ricky Espinosa murió al caer del quinto piso de un edificio en Avellaneda cuando estaban celebrando el lanzamiento de su último CD. Sobre este penoso accidente hay muchas versiones, unos dicen que se lanzó de ahí voluntariamente, otros y su familia también, obviamente, afirman que solo fue un accidente, que no tenía razón para hacerlo. El objetivo de este blog no es quedarse en un hecho pasado e inexplicable, solamente contar lo sucedido para que cada uno juzgue a su manera. Ricky tenía muchas razones para quitarse la vida, era un ser sensible que nunca encontró un lugar, también tební amuchas alegrías como seguir tocando y haciendo punk. ¿Qué pasó? eso tiene que pensarlo cada uno de ustedes.



DISCOGRAFÍA DE FLEMA:

* Pogo, Mosh & Slam (1992)
* Nunca nos fuimos (1994)
* El exceso de drogas y alcohol es perjudicial para tu salud (1995)
* Si el placer es un pecado, bienvenidos al infierno (1997)
* Resaka (1998)
* La noche de las narices blancas (2000)
* Caretofobia I (2001)
* Caretofobia II (2001)
* Cinco de copas (2002)

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